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In principle, 140/90 mmHg can be said to be a critical limit. If the value is higher, it should be clarified with the family doctor whether it is actually arterial hypertension and, if so, what are the values ​​to be achieved, by changing the lifestyle or, if this were not enough, by taking medicines.

arterial hypertension

In fact, it is clear that arterial hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and the possible consequences, even fatal.

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patient group

It depends on the patient group. According to the current state of knowledge, men and women up to about 80 years usually benefit from values ​​below 130mmHg, provided they tolerate them well.

maximum level

When the heart contracts, it pumps new blood into the arteries. The pressure rises to the maximum level, the so-called systolic pressure .

health problems

For people of advanced age and health problems, however, lowering blood pressure can be dangerous and harmful.

minimum or diastolic

We speak of minimum or diastolic pressure when the pressure in the arteries is at a minimum and the heart relaxes. The unit of measurement mmHg means "millimeters of mercury".

Clients share their experience

In one study, we observed approximately 600 patients over 85 years of age for five years.
Sophie Grant
The more their blood pressure was lowered with the aid of medication, the worse their memory was
James Stinger
and the death rate also increased among people with health problems. Other studies conducted in different countries have presented similar, alarming results.
Amy Winter
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Strengthening blood circulation: how to invigorate it

In the case of some people, however, these self-regulatory mechanisms do not work well or are not implemented in time, to the point of causing head-turning, weakness or brief fainting (see the blog “circulatory collapse”). In summary, those suffering from circulatory problems should undergo a medical examination to rule out other contributing causes. Often, however, these are harmless pathologies that can be treated with a simple antidote:

The Mediterranean diet
a balanced diet must be followed. In this regard, the Swiss Foundation of Cardiology recommends Mediterranean cuisine: foods rich in fiber – vegetables, salads, fruit – and carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, potatoes and white beans. Simply add monounsaturated fatty acids (olive or rapeseed oil), avoiding foods of animal origin containing saturated fatty acids

Practicing regular physical activity several times during the week – at best 30 minutes of medium intensity outdoors – strengthens the heart, blood vessels and regulates blood circulation. On the other hand, an untrained body struggles to cope with particular situations and, therefore, small changes such as meteorological variability can cause disturbances.

In addition to endurance and coordination, strength training is also advisable, as Urs Jeker: “A trained musculature promotes circulation and blood flow in the vessels.”

Cardio training of interval training for a strong heart

Mostly sitting or standing, often in the well-heated office: often our daily life is like this. The cardiovascular system rusts because it should do more. At the time, our body had something else to do, such as always giving it our all while hunting. Therefore, it is not surprising that our heart and all circulation want to be regularly stimulated.

Classic cardio training is an aerobic workout that lasts more than 30 minutes: the typical jogging or bike ride, for example. However, shorter movement units are also good for the heart. To get started quickly in the morning or during the day, for example, a 10-minute cardio training is suitable.

The short unit is structured as interval training: instead of training for a long time at medium intensity, as is done in aerobic training, in interval training you pass very intense phases to active breaks. In this way the body reaches its limits even in a short time and causes the heart to pump blood. Nevertheless, it is important for the body to perform longer cardio units from time to time: in any case, you should not give up running or a long bike ride.

The goal of cardio training is to put the body to the test, so sweat is welcome. But beware: everyone has their own limits. Just push yourself as far as you still feel comfortable and don’t get out of breath.

Circulation needs movement, because thanks to it the heart has to work harder, pumps more blood into the circulation and therefore supplies all organs better with oxygen.

Muscles are also supplied with nutrients and oxygen and can therefore provide greater performance. A trained heart works more economically, which means it beats slower but pumps more blood into the circulation with each beat. In this way, not only is it protected from excessive strain: with the passage of time the blood pressure is lowered, blood circulation disturbances such as thrombosis or heart attacks are prevented, and cholesterol values ​​are improved.

Why is Double Eyelid Surgery Becoming Popular?

Cosmetic procedures on the whole are on a rise. Among these procedures, the double eyelid surgery has gained popularity, especially among Asian women. What is double eyelid surgery? Does it promise any exclusive benefits? Why are women attracted to this procedure? Should you jump on the bandwagon? If you are considering the procedure, here is everything you should know!

What is double eyelid surgery?

The procedure is medically called blepharoplasty. It is a procedure carried out to correct droopy eyelids. However, it is more popular as a procedure to change the appearance of a person’s eyelids.

Many people have creases on their eyelids. These are also called double eyelids. However, this crease is usually missing in people with mongoloid features. Of late, Asian women want to obtain these creases so that their eyes are better highlighted. Thus, the double eyelid surgery is rapidly gaining popularity.

A small incision is made on the upper eyelids to artificially introduce the missing crease. Youngsters who opt for this surgery are mostly inspired by Asian models and actresses who are increasingly choosing to undergo the procedure.

Why the procedure?

Every century/decade comes with its set of trends and notion of what is fashionable. Similarly, having double eyelids is a fad today. In some cases, it is also recommended for people whose vision is hindered by their eyelids. It is possible to have a double eyelid on one eye and a monolid on the other. In such cases, the surgery is performed on the monolid.

There are non-surgical alternatives to this. There are eyelid tapes and glues which create a crease when applied to the eyelid. However, some people do not prefer these items due to some disadvantages – (i) you need to apply them everyday (ii) you may lose them if they fall off (iii) some people experience redness, irritation and allergies (iv) if the glue gets into your eye, it can be fatal.

Can anyone undergo the surgery?

Not everyone is a suitable candidate for blepharoplasty. When you meet your surgeon to discuss the procedure, he/she may collect the following details.

  • Your medical history

Information about your medical history (especially your eyes), is necessary. Have you had any eye surgeries? Any conditions such as dry eyes, glaucoma…? Are you under medication for any health problem? Do you consume tobacco, drugs, alcohol, supplements…? Are you suffering from any chronic illness?

  • Next, you can discuss your expectations about the results. The doctor will let give you a realistic picture of what is possible and what the result may look like.

Before the procedure…

There are a few things to take care of before the surgery. The clinic/hospital will examine your eyes. You will likely undergo a vision test. After they clear you for surgery, your surgeon will help you prepare for it.

  • Discuss any medicines that are a part of your routine. Ask your surgeon if it is safe to continue with your medicines. If not, be clear about when to stop taking them.
  • Smoking is known to affect your healing period. Therefore, your doctor will likely ask you to stop smoking for a few weeks before and after the surgery.
  • Even though this is an outpatient procedure, you will not be able to drive yourself home after the surgery. So, arrange for transportation.

Healing and recovery

After the procedure, your surgeon will provide ointments/drops to soothe your eyes. Here are some activities you should avoid during the healing period.

  • Swimming, aerobics, sports and other strenuous activities
  • Do not use contact lenses right after the surgery
  • Do not expose your eyes to sunlight
  • Soothe your eyes with ice packs at regular intervals

Swelling, watering and bruising are possible side effects. However, they should subside within a week or two.


Most patients express satisfaction with the results obtained post-surgery. Technological breakthroughs in medical science have made it possible to change our natural appearance! What’s more interesting is the fact that these cosmetic procedures are quick, minimally invasive and have a short recovery period.

Know that having a single eyelid is not a defect. It is as natural as a double eyelid. People usually opt for the surgery as they want to better highlight their eyes rather than fix a defect in their vision.

All you need to know about root canal treatment

Has your dentist recommended you to undergo a root canal treatment?

Then you’re probably curious about this popular dental procedure. It has been credited to save millions of people around the world from excruciating teeth pain and a crooked smile.

But what is it all about?

The root canal treatment is designed to repair and restore your infected tooth and dental root canal from bacterial decay. During the procedure, the tooth nerve and pulp is removed. Also, the insides of your teeth are thoroughly cleaned to prevent any further infection or abscesses from developing.

How Do You Know If You Need A Root Canal?

Root canal treatment is a type of endodontic treatment that deals with the insides of a tooth. When soft tissue located inside the root canal develops infection or becomes inflamed, then such a treatment becomes necessary. The cause for inflammation and infection may be varied.

Deep decay, frequent dental procedures on that tooth or the cracking and chipping of tooth are a few common root canal causes. The symptoms may include severe pain while chewing and biting, lingering sensation and sensitivity to hot and cold.

Sometimes, even a simple tooth injury may lead to pulp damage and call for a root canal treatment.

However, if you choose to leave an infected or inflamed pulp untreated, do so at your own risk. A damaged pulp can cause uncontrollable and mind-numbing pain in the near future. So tread with caution.

How is a Root Canal Done?

The whole procedure is carefully performed by the endodontist with immense skill and finesse. He removes the infected pulp and the nerve at the root of the tooth. Once done, the inside of the root canal is cleaned thoroughly and shaped perfectly. To finish it off, the space is filled and sealed in to prevent any further decay or infection.

Later, your dentist will place the crown on the repaired tooth for protection. This way, the tooth restores all its original functions like biting and chewing.

How Much Does A Root Canal Cost

The cost of the whole treatment depends solely on the complexity and difficulty of the procedure. Another driving factor is the kind of tooth that is affected. For instance, molars are difficult to be treated. Hence, they require a higher price than most others.

However, if you are covered by any dental health insurance policy, you may expect sufficient coverage of costs for the treatment.

The good news is, most endodontic treatment and natural tooth restoration procedures are cheaper as compared to tooth extraction procedures. This is partly owing to the fact that in tooth extraction, the extracted tooth needs to be replaced by performing a dental implant or dental bridge on the gap area. This is done to restore the normal functions of eating, chewing and biting which is otherwise difficult having an empty space. It also prevents the adjacent teeth from dislocating and upsetting the whole jaw structure.

All these complications can be easily dodged if you opt for an endodontic root canal treatment and it ultimately proves to be economical and affordable.

Overall, a root canal treatment is quite effective and beneficial procedure if you want to restore your tooth’s natural capabilities without burning a hole through your pocket.


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